Zurbarán, Francisco de

(1598-1664)
   Francisco de Zurbarán was born in Extremadura, a small town near Seville, Spain. In 1625, he married into a family of landowners and merchants, which provided him with the necessary funds to establish a workshop where he catered mainly to religious communities as well as the Spanish colonies in the Americas. In 1629, he settled in Seville, where he became the city's leading artist. His earliest documented work is the Crucified Christ (1627; Chicago, Art Institute) he painted for the Monastery of San Pablo el Real in Seville, a work inspired by the polychromed wood sculptures carried during Spanish religious processions. His St. Serapion (1628; Hartford, Wadsworth Atheneum), rendered for the Monastery of the Merced Calzada in Seville, shows Zurbarán's mastery in portraying white, crisp fabrics. Zurbarán specialized in depictions of single saints either meditating or simply standing in heroic fashion accompanied by their attributes. Examples of this are his St. Francis Meditating (1638; London, National Gallery) and St. Margaret of Antioch (1634; London, National Gallery). Among his narratives is Christ and the Virgin in the House at Nazareth (1640; Cleveland Museum of Art), an unusual subject. In the 1640s, Zurbarán changed his style to a softer, more spontaneous manner so he could compete with Murillo who was quickly becoming the most popular artist in Seville. His Immaculate Conception (1660s; Dublin, National Gallery of Ireland) represents this change in his style. The shift proved to be disastrous to his career. His popularity declined and his finances collapsed. He died penniless in Madrid in 1664.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Zurbaran, Francisco — • Artist born in the suburb of Fuente de Cantos in Estramadure, on the boundaries of Andalusia, Nov., 1598 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Zurbaran, Francisco — • Artist born in the suburb of Fuente de Cantos in Estramadure, on the boundaries of Andalusia, Nov., 1598 Catholic Encyclopedia …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Zurbarán, Francisco de — (baptized Nov. 7, 1598, Fuente de Cantos, Spain died Aug. 27, 1664, Madrid) Spanish painter. He was apprenticed in 1614 to a painter in Sevilla (Seville), where he lived until 1658 when he moved to Madrid. He had a few royal commissions but… …   Universalium

  • Zurbarán,Francisco de — Zur·ba·rán (zo͞or bä ränʹ, tho͞or ), Francisco de. 1598 1664. Spanish painter noted for his simple naturalism. His works include still lifes and religious scenes, such as The Adoration of the Shepherds (1638). * * * …   Universalium

  • Zurbarán, Francisco de — ► (1598 1664) Pintor español, uno de los más notables artistas de la escuela sevillana. Fue llamado el Caravaggio español a causa de su paleta oscura, aunque sea por la severidad, el rigor y la austeridad la antítesis de aquel. Obras: Visión de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • ZURBARAN, FRANCISCO —    Spanish painter, born in Estremadura; did mostly religious subjects; his chef d oeuvre an altar piece in Seville, where he lived and worked (1598 1662) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Zurbarán — Zurbarán, Francisco de …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Francisco De Zurbaran — Francisco de Zurbarán Francisco de Zurbarán (1598–1664) est un peintre du siècle d or espagnol. Contemporain et ami de Vélasquez, Zurbarán se distingue dans les peintures religieuses où son art révèle une grande force visuelle et un profond… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Zurbaran — Francisco de Zurbarán Francisco de Zurbarán (1598–1664) est un peintre du siècle d or espagnol. Contemporain et ami de Vélasquez, Zurbarán se distingue dans les peintures religieuses où son art révèle une grande force visuelle et un profond… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Francisco Zurbaran —     Francisco Zurbaran     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Francisco Zurbaran     Born in the suburb of Fuente de Cantos in Estramadure, on the boundaries of Andalusia, Nov., 1598; died probably at Madrid about 1662. From his early years he showed… …   Catholic encyclopedia

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